Get the tickets and the rail passes from the International Rail, If you are planing to see all of the regions and the cities of Canada in a single trip..
That means that either carve out a chunk of time, or focus on one or a few regions. Canada has quite distinctive areas, they are quite different in terms of weather, landscape, style, people, food, customs and even language. For example Montreal is the second largest French speaking city in the world! Learn more about the distinct areas of Canada and enjoy your next trip even more.
Initially formed as a sovereign state, Atlantic Canada has a very unique flavor largely influenced by its Celtic, English and French founding cultures. The regions are cold (hence Atlantic), not as densely populated and have some amazing natural beauty with areas such as Newfoundland and Labrador being some of the most beautiful coastal areas you will find on a map.
Halifax has the second largest natural harbor in the world, and is rich with history and architecture dating back to colonial times. It is a very compact and walkable city making it a great place to visit. Everything is just a short walk away (well, that is if you are downtown). Some of the standout places include Citadel Hill, the Canadian Museum of the Antarctic and Pier 21.
Quebec is an identity unto itself and stands up as one of the most unique areas in Canada (if not North America in general). It was originally settled as part of New France and to this day retains it's separate cultural identity to Canada with the dominant language being French (unlike the rest of Canada where English is the main language). Of course with it being a part of Canada it is very bilingual and so not knowing French does not rule out this as a great destination to include.
As the second largest city in Canada and the 9th largest city in North America this French speaking city has a population of 1.6 million residents. Named after a triple peaked hill in the heart of the city called Mount Royal this city was historically the commercial capital of Canada though was surpassed in both population and economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s, this city is the second largest French speaking city in the world. With Montreal having such economic power within the region for a long time the regions has a lot of important historic and beautiful buildings. The city has 50 national historic sites which is more than any other city in Canada.
Quebec's capital city, which is well known for its quaint Old City charm, its amazing winter festival, and its gorgeous architecture. Visitors and locals alike talk most about Quebec City's charming European feel.
Not only is this the most populated area of Canada, but it's also huge. So there is a LOT to see and do. With a vibrant and unique city this area prides itself on its multiculturalism. Home of Cities like Ottowa (where you can find the Niagra Falls), Ontario is bilingual though its primary language is English making it a beautiful and easy to travel region. Basically, Ontario is what most people imagine when they think of Canada, it's charming, beautiful, natural and friendly.
Sitting in Eastern Ontario looking over Quebec across the river, Ottawa is the national capital of Canada. It's home to Parliament Hill, many national museums, the ByWard Market, and the best Canada Day celebrations.
As the largest city in Canada, Toronto is economic and cultural capital of Canada (particularly Anglophone) and is a beautiful, vibrant and exciting city. With over 2.6 million residents this isn't a small town, it's huge and it is also home to the third largest live theatre scene in the world (after New York and London).
Known for it's huge spaces and natural beauties, the Canadian Praries are some of the most beautiful areas in Canada. But it would be easy to think that this area may have been left behind but it certainly hasn't. Calgary, Edmonton and Winnipeg are all extremely modern and interesting cities with everything that you could be searching for from great museums to food and live entertainment.
With a huge ranching heritage this city hosts the Calgary Stampede, a massive city wide celebration of their heratige. Other stand out places in the area include the Canadian Rockies which are only 1 hours drive away, the Calgary Tower, The Calgary Zoo and where the 1988 Winter Olympics were held; Canada Olympic Park.
Sometimes called Winter-Peg by the locals, this place is a little chilly with summers hovering around 25 degrees C and Winters hitting average lows of -16 degrees C. Yes, there is a minus, like I said this place is cold. But it's not classified as subartic (because 5 months of the year average above 10 Deg C.
If you are thinking "cool" and Canada then British Columbia (often called "B.C.") is likely to be high on that list. From wineries to ski slopes this place is pretty amazing. And one of the great things about B.C is that the weather is the area with the mildest winters in Canada. Sure, maybe I go on about Winter a bit, but let's face it, the harsher the weather the more prepared and more gear you need to carry so this is a very comfortable place to visit.
Clean, modern, efficient, healthy and outdoorsy are all words that fit with Vancouver very well. It's not too hot, not too cold and was the home to the 2010 Winter Olympics.
These areas aren't the sort of areas that you really pop out for a stroll, these are some of the more remote regions on Earth and make up a large amount of Canadas land mass. With areas like the Yukon having an average of 14km per person we are talking about some seriously remote places. Strangely though, these areas have some of the earliest evidence of the presence of human occupation in North America. This is a strange mix in a way with areas left nearly untouched since gold rush days and yet some interesting architecture to help cope with the harsh elements.
This is a gold rush and copper mining town that is the midpoint of the Alaska Highway and so this area is a gateway to the outdoor activities of Canada's far north. The easiest way to get into town would be to fly in or drive, the rail service no longer operates in this area.